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Special Scheme for Inter-Linking of Rivers

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Special Scheme for Inter-Linking of Rivers

Posted On:
19 JUL 2021 7:44PM by PIB Delhi

  The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water, for transferring water from water surplus basins to water-deficit basins. Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports (FRs). The details of above river linking projects viz., rivers, States concerned is given at Annexure.

Under the Peninsular Component of NPP, the following 14 links are envisaged in the Southern part of India:

  1. Mahanadi (Manibhadra) -Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link
  2. Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Pulichintala) link
  3. Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link
  4. Godavari (Polavaram) – Krishna (Vijayawada) link
  5. Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link
  6. Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link
  7. Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) – Pennar (Somasila ) link
  8. Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link
  9. Cauvery (Kattalai) – Vaigai -Gundar link
  10. Par-Tapi-Narmada link
  11. Damanganga – Pinjal link
  12. Bedti – Varda link
  13. Netravati – Hemavati link
  14. Pamba – Achankovil – Vaippar link


Out of the above 14 links, the following 8 link projects involve Narmada, Godavari and Krishna rivers.

  1. Mahanadi (Manibhadra) – Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link
  2. Godavari (Polavaram)–Krishna (Vijayawada) (Implemented by Govt. of AP)
  3. Godavari (Inchampalli) –Krishna (Pulichintala) link
  4. Godavari (Inchampalli)– Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link
  5. Krishna (Nagarjunasagar)–Pennar (Somasila) link
  6. Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link
  7. Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link
  8. Par-Tapi –Narmada link project


The Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFRs) and FRs of the links under SI no. 1 to 8 above including the Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Par-Tapi-Narmada link project were already completed and circulated to party States. Pending consensus on Manibhadra and Inchampalli dams due to large submergence, alternate study to divert unutilized waters of Indravati sub-basin of Godavari basin have been carried out and the DPR viz. Godavari (Inchampalli barrage)-Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link project has also been completed and circulated to party States. The details of rivers to be linked are already included in Annexure. The Special committee for Interlinking of Rivers (ILR), after considering the views of all the stakeholders, is proceeding ahead to expedite the objectives of the interlinking of rivers in a consultative and cooperative manner. The implementation of the ILR projects involves various steps such as perpetration of PFRs/FRs of links, negotiation and consensus among concerned States, preparation of DPRs of the projects, clearance from appraisal agencies which includes clearance by Ministry of Environment & Forests and Climate Change and Ministry of Tribal Affairs, techno-economic clearance by Advisory Committee on Irrigation, Flood control &Multipurpose Projects of Ministry of Jal Shakti, investment clearance and the construction time required for the completion of the projects as per the DPR.

Thus, the implementation of the projects will take varying periods of time. An ILR project would reach the implementation stage when all the statutory clearances are taken and an agreement is reached amongst party states from the implementation of the project.

This Information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti & Tribal Affairs, ShriBishweswarTudu  inRajyaSabha today.


Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Unstarred Question No. 73 to be answered in Rajya Sabha on 19.07.2021 regarding “SPECIAL SCHEME FOR INTER-LINKING OF RIVERS”. 

Names of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links, the States involved, name of rivers and status of Feasibility Reports/Detailed Project Report


S. No



States concerned

Present Status

Peninsular  Component





Mahanadi (Manibhadra) -Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link

Mahanadi  & Godavari

Odisha, Maharashtra,  AP, MP, Telangana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh

FR Completed*


Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Pulichintala) link

Godavari  &   Krishna

Odisha, Maharashtra,  AP, MP, Telangana, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh

FR Completed


Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link

Godavari & Krishna


FR Completed #

DPR Completed


Godavari (Polavaram) – Krishna (Vijayawada) link

Godavari & Krishna


FR Completed


Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link

Krishna  &Pennar

Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka &Telangana

FR Completed


Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link

Krishna  &Pennar


FR Completed


Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) – Pennar (Somasila ) link

Krishna  &Pennar


FR Completed #

DPR Completed


Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link

Pennar& Cauvery

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

FR Completed #

DPR Completed


 Cauvery (Kattalai) – Vaigai -Gundar link


Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry

DPR Completed


Ken-Betwa link

Ken &Betwa

Uttar Pradesh  & Madhya Pradesh

DPR (Phase-I,II & Comprehensive report) Completed

11 (i)

Parbati -Kalisindh-  Chambal link

Parbati, Kalisindh& Chambal

Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (UP  requested to be consulted during consensus building)

FR Completed


Parbati-Kuno-Sindh link

Parbati, Kuno and Sindh

MP and Rajasthan

PFR completed$


Par-Tapi-Narmada link

Par, Tapi& Narmada

 Maharashtra & Gujarat

DPR Completed


Damanganga – Pinjal link


Maharashtra & Gujarat

DPR Completed


Bedti – Varda link


Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka

PFR Completed



Netravati – Hemavati link



Karnataka, Tamil Nadu &  Kerala

PFR Completed


Pamba – Achankovil – Vaippar link

Pamba, Achankovil&


Kerala & Tamil Nadu,

FR Completed

FR of alternate Mahanadi (Barmul) – Rushikulya – Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link project completed

# Pending consensus on Manibhadra and Inchampalli dams, alternate study to divert unutilised waters of Godavari river carried out and DPR of Godavari (Inchampalli) – Pennar (Somasila)- Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link project completed.

$ Integration of Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project of Rajasthan and Parbati- Kalisindh-Chambal link.

Himalayan Component


Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga (M-S-T-G) link

Manas, Sankosh, Tista and Ganga

Assam, West Bengal,  Bihar& Bhutan

FR completed


Kosi-Ghaghra link


Bihar , Uttar Pradesh & Nepal

PFR completed


Gandak-Ganga link

Gandak& Ganga


FR  completed

(Indian portion)


Ghaghra-Yamuna link

Ghaghra& Yamuna


FR completed (Indian portion)


Sarda-Yamuna link

Sarda& Yamuna

Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand& Nepal

FR completed (Indian portion)


Yamuna-Rajasthan link

Yamuna &Sukri

Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana & Rajasthan

Draft FR  completed


Rajasthan-Sabarmati link



FR  completed


Chunar-Sone Barrage link

Ganga &Sone

Bihar & Uttar Pradesh

Draft FR  completed


Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link


Bihar & Jharkhand

PFR completed


Ganga(Farakka)-Damodar-Subernarekha link

Ganga, Damodar&Subernarekha

West Bengal, Odisha& Jharkhand

FR completed


Subernarekha-Mahanadi link

Subernarekha& Mahanadi

West Bengal  &Odisha

FR completed


Kosi-Mechi link


Bihar , West Bengal & Nepal

PFR completed


Ganga (Farakka)-Sunderbans link

Ganga &Ichhamati

West Bengal

FR  completed


Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link

(Alternative to M-S-T-G)

Manas, Tista& Ganga








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