Papaya fruit is high in vitamin A, containing 40 mg of thiamine, 250 mg of riboflavin, and 46 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams. Papaya fruit constipation, indigestion, piles etc. Troubleshooting. Papain is extracted from the unripe fruit of papaya and is widely used in the pharmaceutical and food processing industries. Papaya fruit is processed into broken fruit, papaya puree, papaya powder, baby food, etc.
Area and Production
In India, papaya is grown in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, and West Bengal. There is a huge production in the state.
In Maharashtra, papaya is grown in the districts of Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, Amravati, Jalna, Nashik, Ahmednagar, Pune, Solapur, and Satara.
Papaya gives a good yield in less time and less cost.
Extreme cold, strong winds, and fog are harmful to the crop. The crop thrives in the tropics but gives good yields even in temperate climates. The average temperature of the papaya crop is 25 to 38 °C and the annual rainfall is 1500 min. Human papaya plants can withstand a maximum of 44 °C and a minimum of 10 °C.
Well-draining soil with medium black or red and good drainage is suitable. Papaya plants grow best in yellow rocks. This tree does not grow properly in rocky soil, it has to be done well with Tractor. The ground level is between 6.5 to 8.0.
Papaya Selection No. 1, 2, 3 & 5, Co-5, Co-6, Pusa Dwarf, Pusa Narha, Pusa Giant, Coorg Honey, Co-7, Pusa Delicious, Sunrise Solo are recommended.
250 to 300 hot seeds are sufficient for planting one hectare. These shoots are about 6 to 7 weeks old and 15 to 22 cm tall. I should do it after.
Pre-cultivation and planting
The land should be plowed horizontally and vertically before planting. Apply 20 to 25 tonnes (40 to 50 bullock carts) of manure per hectare and level the land by mixing it in the soil.
The planting distance is 2.25 m x 1.5 m. 2000 trees can be planted by planting saplings. By this method, 1.5 x 1.5 m 4444 trees are planted. For this Pusa, Nanha should be chosen. 45X 45X 45 sec after field planning. the minimum. Dig-sized pits.
Mulching is beneficial to keep the garden weed-free and also saves water. Black polythene mulching paper (40 to 50 microns thick) should be spread over two rows of papaya trees and their edges should be buried in the soil.
June-July, September-October, and January-February. Papaya plants are ready for planting in 50 to 60 days. The fruits are ready for harvesting in 11 to 12 months after planting.
Fertilizers and Management
Each time in installments (gram per tree)
Ammonium sulfate or urea 250 or 100
Single Super Phosphate 300
sulfate of potash
Drip irrigation in papaya needs to be provided from the very beginning.
Crops like a mug, urad, Chawla, peas, Shravan Gheda, soybean, groundnut should be grown in the papaya orchard.
Harvesting and Production
The papaya tree bears 40 to 80 fruits. The output is 50 to 80 m/ha. up to a ton
In India, papaya is grown in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, and West Bengal. There is a huge production in the state. In Maharashtra, papaya is grown in the districts of Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar, Amravati, Jalna, Nashik, Ahmednagar, Pune, Solapur, and Satara. Papaya gives a good yield in less time and less cost. Papaya is used as a fruit for eating tutti-frutti, jam, jelly, etc. For cooking, they make chewing gum from papaya papaya.
Materials needed for farming
Fertile, medium black sandy poached soil is suitable for papaya cultivation. If the soil is black then proper drainage is needed. Also, permanent storage of water should not be allowed around the main trunk.
Papaya fruit crop requires an average temperature of 15-30°C for a successful production. The maximum tolerance for papaya crops is 44॰C and the minimum is 10॰C. The papaya crop is growing in the tropics.
Papaya cultivation season
Papaya is grown throughout the year mainly in the old three seasons of July, September-October, and January-February. In Maharashtra, it is mainly cultivated till June-October.
How to plant papaya
Seedlings are made from papaya seeds. Normally 1 hectare. For planting for the field 250-300 g. The nursery should be prepared from seeds. If the papaya variety is bisexual, more seed quantity is required. If the variety is bisexual, less seed quantity is required. Bisexual plants require up to 50% of the male plants, at which time additional male plants have to be uprooted during the flowering stage. Therefore it is necessary to plant 2-3 saplings in such places.
Papaya nursery preparation
For preparation of papaya nursery medium 5 kg cocopit + 2.5 kg poached soil + over rotted manure + 100 g Trichoderma + 100 g. 19:19:19 This mixture of fertilizers is homogeneous