Technology

Machine Learning Concepts in Python for your Next App

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One of the great inventions of science is artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML). AI and ML are capable of making decisions that typically require human intelligence with few or no errors. Since then, it’s been evolved in the different sectors and industries to help make quick decisions with greater performance and efficiency. One of the most significant impacts of machine learning we’ve seen so far is in the mobile development sector. With the rapid increase of machine learning, Best mobile app developers are now focused on building ML-powered mobile apps with advanced machine learning features and functionalities.

WHAT IS MACHINE LEARNING? 

Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence that generates future predictions based on a trained data model. Gathering data, inputting data, selecting a model, training the data, analyzing, discovering patterns, and making predictions are all part of the machine learning process. A machine is trained to predict outcomes by utilizing different machine learning algorithms. Systems or machines do not require explicit programming or any other human intervention once they have been taught. They learn from prior data, see patterns, and make independent decisions. Machine learning, in a nutshell, is a way of automating data analysis.

HOW DO MACHINES LEARN?

The machine learns by training a model to detect patterns in a dataset. You choose an appropriate method and input it with previous data to train a model. The type of algorithm you choose is determined by the data you wish to forecast. After you’ve constructed a trained model using existing data, you may apply it to existing datasets to make the predictions you need. The following are the different types of machine learning models. 

1. Supervised Machine Learning   

Supervised Machine Learning is a method in which scientists provide labeled training data to algorithms and specify the variables they want the system to look for correlations between. In simple terms, supervised learning entails defining the algorithm’s input and output.

As the data is inputted into the model, the weights are adjusted until the data fits the model appropriately. This is done to ensure cross-validation so that there are no chances of overfitting or underfitting. Organizations can use supervised learning to solve numerous real-world problems such as classifying or separating spam from the inbox.  

Also Read: Best Tools for Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning in 2022

2. Unsupervised Machine Learning

Unsupervised learning entails using algorithms to assess and cluster data that hasn’t been tagged. The algorithms hunt for relevant connections and patterns in the datasets. The input data, as well as the predictions or suggestions generated from it, are known ahead of time. This type of machine learning can assist you in identifying similarities and contrasts in data. Exploratory data analysis, cross-selling techniques, client segmentation, and picture and pattern recognition are some of the things that it excels at. Other common algorithms used in unsupervised learning are neural networks, k-means clustering, probabilistic clustering methods, and more.

3. Semi-Supervised Learning

Semi-supervised learning is an amalgamation of supervised and unsupervised machine learning. Users can feed labeled data to the algorithm but the model can explore and understand the data set on its own too. A smaller labeled dataset is used during the training to guide the algorithm for the classification and feature extraction from a larger, unlabeled dataset. Semi-supervised learning is the best option when you don’t have or can’t afford enough labeled data to train a supervised learning algorithm. 

PYTHON FOR MACHINE LEARNING 

Python is an object-oriented high-level programming language that supports advanced AI and machine learning development. The massive community support of Python allows fresh developers to get their queries answered with the help of discussion forums and communities.  Python’s versatility, user-friendliness, security, and scalability make it the best programming language for developing mobile apps based on machine learning. Python allows fast and easy development as it has a wide range of libraries and frameworks. NumPy is the most popular Python library that is used for scientific calculations. SciPy and SciKit are also the python libraries that are utilized for advanced computation, data mining, and data analysis. These libraries work alongside the Tensor Flow, CNTK, and Apache Spark frameworks. These libraries and frameworks play a vital role in developing machine and deep learning applications. 

APPLICATIONS OF MACHINE LEARNING BUILD ON PYTHON

1. Voice and virtual assistance

One of the most notable applications of machine learning is the virtual and voice assistant, which has had a tremendous impact on people’s lives. Virtual assistants like Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri, Microsoft Cortana, and Google Assistant have revolutionized the way we communicate in our daily lives. Voice-based searches can be done with virtual assistants on mobile phones. Users can ask questions from virtual assistants and offer them directions for performing various duties, such as “remind me to go to the post office tomorrow,” “what is my schedule for today,” “find the best restaurant near me,” and so on. This feature of machine learning is also seen to be implemented in mobile apps to provide accessibility to every kind of mobile app user, especially the visually impaired and auditory impaired user.  

2. Fraud detection system

 Banks are utilizing machine learning techniques in their mobile apps to detect uncertain activities happening in the bank. Fraud detection is one of the most common uses of machine learning to monitor money laundering and monetary frauds on the internet. Banks that offer a secure and safe online banking experience are always preferred by customers. Paypal is an example of a machine learning system that compares millions of transactions to identify ethical and unethical buyer-seller transactions. As a result, machine learning is fast evolving in the banking sector to detect fraud.

3. Refine search engine results

Refine search engine results are one of the most noticeable consequences of machine learning. Users can find information using AI-powered suggestions and predictions based on their previous search inputs and interactions. Visual search is one of the most popular types of search engines, with growing popularity. Thanks to Google Lens, searching has become more convenient and time-saving.

4. Fitness-based mobile apps

 Consumers may now keep track of their fitness with the use of smartphone apps that include machine learning algorithms. A mobile-based healthcare app allows users to monitor their heartbeats. With a variety of health monitor apps, users will be able to keep track of their health, including pulses, activities, and much more. Moreover, machine learning algorithms implemented in fitness apps can also assist in the early detection and smart diagnosis of diseases, better drug development, robotic surgeries, and much more. 

5. Self-driving cars

 Object detection and classification are examples of machine learning methods that can be used to recognize objects in self-driving cars. Self-driving cars use three key sensors to detect the object: cameras, radar, and lidar. These sensors assist the car in determining the location, speed, and 3D shapes of things in its vicinity. Self-driving automobiles are progressively using inertial measurement units, which monitor and control both acceleration and location.

Also Read: The Key Differences Between Data Analytics & Data Science

6. Navigation and driving control systems

Navigation apps can substantially improve their capabilities by using machine learning techniques. Image recognition, when combined with a car navigator and a DVR camera, may not only assist in navigating unfamiliar regions and cities but also provide security. Consider features like Parktronic and cruise control, which adapt to the driver’s preferences.

7. Advanced personalization

Personalization is one of the most advanced features of machine learning. The acquisition of individual data and the identification of users’ behavior form the foundation of a personalization approach. To make recommendations and suggestions based on the user’s interests, the user’s preferences, likes, dislikes, and search history are all taken into account. A content personalization strategy for mobile apps can improve the user experience. 

Netflix’s mobile app uses the Natural language processing (NLP) algorithm to provide advanced personalization strategies to its users. Netflix offers recommendations and suggestions based on its users’ preferences. 

Final words 

Machine learning apps are very intuitive, smart, and efficient that can help to detect and classify different objects such as images, videos, speeches, text, audio, and much more. The decisions are made smarter with minimal chances of error. This technology is evolving and broadening its scope in numerous fields such as finance, business, healthcare, stock trading, social media, gaming, robotics, etc. Furthermore, machine learning apps built on python improve the quality, speed, and efficiency. Machine learning was worth around $1.41 billion in 2020, and it’s anticipated to be worth more than $8.81 billion by 2025.

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